fdb – Forschungsdatenbank der Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)

Projekt

Dipl. Kffr. Norma Schmitt: Gender Stereotypes and Economic Decision-Making

Projektleitung Dipl. Kffr. Norma Schmitt
Time span 05/2007 - 12/2013
Fakultät Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät
Lehrstuhl Lehrstuhl für VWL, insb. Wirtschafts- und Sozialpolitik

Zusammenfassung

Recently, experimental findings from economic studies focus on identifying gender differences in preferences in order to explain and to make them responsible for differences in occupational choice (see Kleinjans,2009; Gupta et al., 2011; Niederle & Vesterlund, 2007). If these differences in preferences do influence occupational choice and therefore explain part of the gender gap it is necessary to better disentangle these phenomena. The psychological literature suggests stereotypes to support gender segregation in the labor market and find significant correlation between occupational segregation by gender and gender stereotypic images of jobs (Ceijka & Eagly, 1999). Hence, it is important to examine whether stereotypes determine differences in preferences and how they affect occupational choice. The main objective of this thesis is to examine individual economic decision-making under the influence of stereotypes. Stereotypes are adressed to be an important factor in affecting individual economic decision-making and therefore reflecting and fostering occupational segregation by gender. Further, this thesis also examines which role policitical instruments may play in preventing gender equality although political programs take up challenge of reaching it and aims to overcome economic disadvantage for women. The main question being to try to get anwered is; Do stereotypes matter for individual economic decision-making? This thesis offers several contributions; furthering the theoretical economic discurse on preferences and their formation and evolution. It also contributes to the rapidly growing economic literature on experimental findings concerning gender differences. More important, the policy analysis of selected german social policy (SGBII, quotas, Ehegattensplitting) and family instruments (Elterngeld) may detect reasons for failing the aim of gender equality.

Kooperation

Internationales Projekt Nein